Vatican

Vatican City, officially Vatican City State or the State of Vatican City, is a walled enclave within the city of Rome. With an area of approximately 44 hectares, and a population of 842, it is the smallest sovereign state in the world by both area and population. It is an ecclesiastical or sacerdotal-monarchical state ruled by the Bishop of Rome – the Pope. The highest state functionaries are all Catholic clergy of various national origins. Since the return of the Popes from Avignon in 1377, they have generally resided at the Apostolic Palace within what is now Vatican City, although at times residing instead in the Quirinal Palace in Rome or elsewhere. Vatican City is distinct from the Holy See, which dates back to early Christianity and is the main episcopal see of 1.2 billion Latin and Eastern Catholic adherents around the globe. The independent city-state, on the other hand, came into existence in 1929 by the Lateran Treaty between the Holy See and Italy, which spoke of it as a new creation, not as a vestige of the much larger Papal States, which had previously encompassed much of central Italy. According to the terms of the treaty, the Holy See has "full ownership, exclusive dominion, and sovereign authority and jurisdiction" over the city-state.

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Geographical values

  • absolute in degrees, minutes and seconds:
    41° 54′ 8″ N • of northern latitude
    12° 27′ 21″ E • of eastern longitude
  • in degrees with decimal fractions:
    41.902185°; 12.455707°

Length of Vatican from south to north is 0.802 kilometers, from west ot east – 1.047 km.

State symbols

Flag of Vatican
Flag of Vatican
Coat of arms, seal, symbol, emblem of Vatican
Coat of arms of Vatican

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Major cities

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Nearby photos

Photos of Vatican taken from Google Maps. Press on icon for load all photos. Press „Abuse“, if the image is not corresponds to reality. Did not found suitable photo – use panorama from Yandex or Google.

Exterior (outside view)

Interior (inside view)

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Videos

Videos of Vatican taken from YouTube. Press on cover to start playing the video.

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