New Caledonia

New Caledonia is a special collectivity of France located in the southwest Pacific Ocean, 1,210 km east of Australia and 16,136 km east of Metropolitan France. The archipelago, part of the Melanesia subregion, includes the main island of Grande Terre, the Loyalty Islands, the Chesterfield Islands, the Belep archipelago, the Isle of Pines, and a few remote islets. The Chesterfield Islands are in the Coral Sea. Locals refer to Grande Terre as Le Caillou. New Caledonia has a land area of 18,576 sq km. Its population of 268,767 consists of a mix of Kanak people, the original inhabitants of New Caledonia, people of European descent, Polynesian people, and Southeast Asian people, as well as a few people of Pied-Noir and Maghreban descent. The capital of the territory is Nouméa.

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Geographical values

  • absolute in degrees, minutes and seconds:
    22° 15′ 12″ S • of southern latitude
    166° 27′ 57″ E • of eastern longitude
  • in degrees with decimal fractions:
    −22.253347°; 166.465961°

Length of New Caledonia from south to north is 423.849 kilometers, from west ot east – from 1,444.204 km on south to 1,481.619 km on north.

State symbols

Flag of New Caledonia
Flag of New Caledonia
Coat of arms, seal, symbol, emblem of New Caledonia
Coat of arms of New Caledonia

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Major cities



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