Madagascar, officially the Republic of Madagascar, and previously known as the Malagasy Republic, is an island country in the Indian Ocean, off the coast of Southeast Africa. The nation comprises the island of Madagascar, and numerous smaller peripheral islands. Following the prehistoric breakup of the supercontinent Gondwana, Madagascar split from the Indian peninsula around 88 million years ago, allowing native plants and animals to evolve in relative isolation. Consequently, Madagascar is a biodiversity hotspot; over 90% of its wildlife is found nowhere else on Earth. The island's diverse ecosystems and unique wildlife are threatened by the encroachment of the rapidly growing human population and other environmental threats.

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Geographical values

  • absolute in degrees, minutes and seconds:
    18° 54′ 5″ S • of southern latitude
    47° 31′ 20″ E • of eastern longitude
  • in degrees with decimal fractions:
    −18.901408°; 47.522172°

Length of Madagascar from south to north is 1,551.660 kilometers, from west ot east – from 766.511 km on south to 833.348 km on north.

State symbols

Flag of Madagascar
Flag of Madagascar
Coat of arms, seal, symbol, emblem of Madagascar
Coat of arms of Madagascar

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Major cities

All 21 city

Nearby photos

Photos of Madagascar taken from Google Maps. Press on icon for load all photos. Press „Abuse“, if the image is not corresponds to reality. Did not found suitable photo – use panorama from Yandex or Google.

Exterior (outside view)

Interior (inside view)


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Videos of Madagascar taken from YouTube. Press on cover to start playing the video.

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